The Risk & Recovery Mapping (RRM) module of the Copernicus Emergency Management Service (CEMS) is one of two on-demand mapping modules of CEMS (the other being CEMS Rapid Mapping). CEMS RRM consists of the on-demand provision of digital data, analyses and maps in support of activities dealing with the preparedness, prevention, recovery, and reconstruction phases of disaster risk management. CEMS RRM can be used to request information on the exposure, vulnerability, resilience and risk of people and buildings, for different hazards. For example, CEMS RRM can complement a post-disaster needs assessment and assist in the development of recovery plans. By comparing remote sensing images taken at different times, the progress of donor-funded reconstruction and recovery projects and programmes can be monitored.
CEMS RRM operates globally and is designed to allow users to request a range of products, based on their needs. In particular, CEMS RRM supports EU Member States with risk and recovery products, in the context of the Union Civil Protection Mechanism and the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction. By providing information at local scale, CEMS RRM products are relevant at city and regional levels, and can support processes such as cost-benefit analysis of major investment projects for disaster prevention and climate change adaptation, and help to guide effective investments under the European Structural and Investment Funds.
As is described in the CEMS RRM product portfolio (see web-link below), users have the possibility to request one of two sub-categories of products: CEMS RRM FLEX - for tailor-made studies, and CEMS RRM STD - for a predefined set of standardized products.
Using CEMS RRM FLEX, users can formulate a tailored request containing all elements relevant to their requirements, which can be related to natural or man-made hazards, and include studies to support the different phases of the emergency management cycle. Figure 1 shows examples of the map products for a CEMS RRM FLEX activation by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) section on Earth Sciences and Geo-Hazards Risk Reduction. The purpose of the activation was to generate comprehensive knowledge through performing a pre-disaster situation analysis concerning a number of natural hazards (earthquakes, floods, tsunamis and landslides) for three cities: Arica in northern Chile; Tacna in southern Peru; and Maputo, the capital of Mozambique.
CEMS RRM STD offers a set of standardized products, which are complementary to those of CEMS RRM FLEX, in order to guarantee the provision of geospatial information in support of the disaster management activities. The standardized products - each with a detailed methodology - can be requested separately or in combination with other products, depending on the user’s needs.
The full list of standardized products includes: digital surface model; reference dataset; land use and land cover dataset; flood delineation; modelled flood extent for major events; temporal analyses of occurred flood events; wildfire delineation and grading; detailed damage assessment analyses over affected areas; reconstruction monitoring; city growth analyses (urban sprawl); human footprint dynamics of cities through nightlights; ground deformation analyses; ready to print maps and map books for field campaigns; impact assessment / exposure analyses on asset and population; detailed impact assessment / exposure analyses on selected aspect; post-disaster soil erosion risk assessment; post-disaster landslide risk assessment; human settlements mapping (formal / informal); population displacement location and monitoring; detailed reference dataset for high-importance areas.
Peter Spruyt, European Commission, Joint Research Centre (JRC)
For more information:
CAPTION FOR FIGURE: [ Examples of the products for CEMS RRM FLEX activation # EMSN037, concerning a multiple hazards risk assessment for three cities in Chile, Peru, and Mozambique, as requested by UNESCO’s section on Earth Sciences and Geo-Hazards Risk Reduction. ]